In our discussion, we referred to the Backfire Effect which was documented in a study by Brendan Nyhan and Jason Reifler, which found that people with invested political opinions tend to believe them even more strongly when confronted with refuting evidence.
We also talked about a Fairleigh Dickinson University study which showed that Fox News and MSNBC viewers not only scored much lower on their knowledge of current affairs than viewers of other news sources, but also scored lower than people who did not watch any news at all.
Eric Kingson is a candidate in the Democratic Party primary in New York's 24th Congressional District. He is the author of Social Security Works!: Why Social Security Isn't Going Broke and How Expanding It Will Help Us All and other books. Follow him on Twitter here and Facebook here.
Gerald Friedman is a professor of economics at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Follow him on Twitter here. His article that I mentioned is What Ever Happened To Jobs? : A Progressive Response To The Latest Jobs Report.
This is Erick Hoffer's book True Believer.
Claire Berlinski is a journalist, academic and author. She has lived and worked in Thailand, Laos, Turkey and France, an an academic for the American Foreign Policy Council and the Manhattan Institute.
I mentioned this case where the IRS confiscated a man's $100,000 life savings for no reason other than they didn't like the pattern in which he lodged the takings from his store. He was never accused, let alone convicted, of any crime. There have been multiple cases of children being used as leverage; victims were threatened that if they contested the seizure, their children would be put into care homes.
It's notable that the amount seized by federal authorities now exceeds the total amount lost in burglaries. Police training in Georgia explicitly states that the reason to be restrained in seizures is to ‘not ruin it for everyone', in other words don’t take so much that they would invite scrutiny.
John Oliver has covered the issue extensively.
In the discussion I referred to the scientific consensus on climate change. A survey of 928 peer-reviewed abstracts on the subject 'global climate change' published between 1993 and 2003 shows that not a single paper rejected the consensus position that global warming is man caused. Another study of over 12,000 peer-reviewed abstracts on the subjects of 'global warming' and 'global climate change' published between 1991 and 2011 found that of the papers taking a position on the cause of global warming, over 97% agreed that humans are causing it.
Paul said during the interview that while carbon dioxide traps heat in the atmosphere, the effect was limited, so adding more carbon dioxide would not increase the warming effect, because it already saturates the atmosphere. This claim is discussed here.
The Dunning–Kruger effect is a cognitive bias which makes less skilled people overestimate their skills, partly because they lack the skill to judge their own skills.
This is Pascal's Wager that Julie mentioned, and this is a trailer for Philomenia, the story of an Irish woman who had her child kidnapped and sold into adoption while she was incarcerated in a church-run institution. These are articles about Mary Merritt, whose story I mentioned. This is the trailer for Spotlight, about the cover-up of sexual abuse in the Boston Archdiocese.
Scott Wyatt is the writer of Almost Classical, and is also the former visiting assistant professor at Tepper School of Business at Carnegie Mellon University.